As the U.S. continues to face the COVID-19 pandemic, which has disproportionately impacted communities of color, Centene Corporation (NYSE: CNC), a leading multi-national healthcare enterprise, and the National Minority Quality Forum (NMQF), an independent research and educational organization dedicated to ensuring high-risk racial and ethnic populations receive optimal healthcare, announced today a research partnership for the “Minority and Rural Health Coronavirus Study (MRCS)” to assess the impact of COVID-19 on racial minorities and underserved communities across the country.
Racial Minorities, Underserved Populations Disproportionately Impacted by COVID-19
While the effects of the pandemic are still emerging, current data suggests certain populations are more vulnerable than others. In addition to those age 65 and older, recent data suggests the virus is having a disproportionate impact on communities of color.
According to a recent study from APM Research Lab, African Americans are dying from the virus at nearly three times the rate of white Americans. Further, in 42 states plus Washington D.C., Hispanics/Latinos make up a greater share of confirmed cases than their share of the population. In eight states, it’s more than four times greater. And in states that categorize Native Americans in demographic results, early data indicates dramatically disproportionate rates of infection and death. In New Mexico, for example, Native Americans make up less than 10% of the population but over one-third of coronavirus cases.
“Over the past few months, we have experienced a world upended by a global pandemic and a country faced with civil unrest,” said Michael F. Neidorff, Chairman, President and CEO of Centene. “As a company providing health coverage to one in 15 Americans, we remain committed to taking action and playing a vital role in protecting the health of our members and local communities by identifying healthcare solutions to help address health disparities impacting our most vulnerable citizens.”
“The pandemic has shined a bright light on what we have known for decades: throughout our nation’s history, racial minorities have experienced reduced access to healthcare, higher rates of chronic conditions and, ultimately, higher rates of mortality across a range of health conditions,” said Gary Puckrein, President and CEO of NMQF. “With so many minority populations serving in essential roles on the front lines of this pandemic, we have an urgent need to provide them with accessible, equitable healthcare.”
A Focus on Testing and Research to Raise Awareness, Increase Access
MRCS is a prospective longitudinal study of the risk factors associated with the disproportionate impact that coronavirus is having on racial minorities and rural communities. Beginning in June, Centene, NMQF, and a range of other public and private healthcare entities including Quest Diagnostics, will conduct COVID-19 PCR testing (to confirm current COVID-19 infection) and antibody testing (to confirm previous COVID-19 infection) at federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) in five states across the country. Quest will also contribute its Health Trends data to support the research.
Testing will be available to the general public at no cost. All testing locations were pre-identified based on various demographic characteristics, including a high proportion of African American deaths in proportion to the overall state population and a presence of communities of color that have been disproportionately impacted by COVID-19.
The MRCS will utilize a phased-in approach to follow a volunteer cohort of 5,000 racial and ethnic minority participants for five years to examine the impact of COVID-19 on them and their families. Those who test positive for COVID-19 will receive monitoring kits and a daily call from providers for the first 14 days to provide medical advice and help monitor any progression of symptoms, followed by once-per-week calls for one month.
Centene and NMQF have convened researchers and academics from across the country to analyze and translate survey data, and, based on the findings, provide valuable data and evidence-based solutions to inform the public health response and help reduce healthcare disparities among underserved populations. Members of the research team include:
- Suja M. Mathew, MD, FACP – Chair of Medicine, Cook County Health and Hospitals System (Principle Investigator)
- Richard Beswick, PhD, MBA – Vice President of Research & Chief Research Officer, Cottage Health Research Institute, Cottage Health
- Vin Gupta, MD, MPA, MSc – Affiliate Assistant Professor of Health Metrics Sciences Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington
- Latrice Landry, PhD, MMSc – Fellow, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, and Harvard Medical School
- Thomas LaVeist, PhD – Dean of the School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University
- Salaheddin Mahmud, MD, PhD, FRCPC – Professor and Director of the Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba
- William A. Meyer, PhD – Medical Science Liaison Director, Quest Diagnostics
- Alan Morgan – Chief Executive Officer, National Rural Health Association (Patient Advocate)
- Elizabeth Ofili, MD, MPH, FACC – Morehouse College of Medicine, Professor Medicine, Director & Senior Associate Dean, Clinical Research Center & Clinical and Translational Research
- Gary Puckrein, PhD – President, National Minority Quality Forum (Patient Advocate)
- Gloria Wilder, MD, MPH – Vice President, Innovation and Health Transformation, Centene Corporation
Communities Together in Health
The MCRS research partnership falls under Centene’s broader Communities Together in Health, an initiative led by Centene to help raise awareness around health disparities. Amid the COVID-19 pandemic Communities Together in Health is working to engage key healthcare stakeholders – including members, providers, community leaders, nonprofit organizations, tribal governments and government officials – to help address disparities in the healthcare system, while recommending evidence-based solutions and policies to further address health disparities across the country.
About Centene Corporation
Centene Corporation, a Fortune 50 company, is a leading multi-national healthcare enterprise that is committed to helping people live healthier lives. The Company takes a local approach – with local brands and local teams – to provide fully integrated, high-quality, and cost-effective services to government-sponsored and commercial healthcare programs, focusing on under-insured and uninsured individuals. Centene offers affordable and high-quality products to nearly 1 in 15 individuals across the nation, including Medicaid and Medicare members (including Medicare Prescription Drug Plans) as well as individuals and families served by the Health Insurance Marketplace, the TRICARE program, and individuals in correctional facilities. The Company also serves several international markets, and contracts with other healthcare and commercial organizations to provide a variety of specialty services focused on treating the whole person. Centene focuses on long-term growth and the development of its people, systems and capabilities so that it can better serve its members, providers, local communities, and government partners.